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Types of Arthritis and Pain Relief in Southlake, TX

By May 23, 2024May 29th, 2024Arthritis treatment

Arthritis Treatment in Southlake, TX

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints, resulting in pain and stiffness that usually worsen with age. There are different types of arthritis and other causes.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common and severe types of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition whereby the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the joint capsule’s lining (synovial membrane) (a tough membrane covering all the parts of a joint).

This lining becomes inflamed and eventually destroys the cartilage and bone within the joint, resulting in bone erosion and joint deformity.

Apart from damaging the joints, rheumatoid arthritis can damage other body parts, such as the eyes, skin, blood vessels, nerve tissue, bone marrow, lungs, and heart.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Swollen joints
  • Tender and warm in the joints
  • Joint stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may vary in severity and may even come and go. Joint stiffness is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity.

Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the smaller joints first. These joints attach the fingers to the hands and toes to the feet. As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders.

Risk Factors of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Risk factors for developing rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Sex – Rheumatoid arthritis affects women more than men. Women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than men.
  • Age—Though rheumatoid arthritis can develop at any age, it most commonly starts in people in their 40s and 50s.
  • Family history—If a family member has rheumatoid arthritis, you may be at an increased risk of developing it yourself.
  • Smoking – Smoking cigarettes increases your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Smoking can also increase the severity of the disease.
  • Excess weight – People who are obese or overweight may have an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.


Osteoarthritis is a prevalent type of arthritis. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time, causing the bones to rub against each other.

Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body, but it commonly affects the joints in the hands, knees, hips and spine.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness and loss of flexibility in the joint
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Development of bone spurs around the affected joint
  • Feeling a grating sensation when you move the affected joint

Risk Factors of Osteoarthritis

Risk factors for developing osteoarthritis include:

  • Ageing – Your risk of developing osteoarthritis increases as you age.
  • Sex – Women are at higher risk of developing osteoarthritis than men.
  • Overweight—Being obese or overweight increases your risk of developing osteoarthritis. The heavier your body weight, the greater your risk of developing osteoarthritis. This is because your body weight adds pressure and stress to the weight-bearing joints, such as your hips and knees.
  • Joint injuries—Injuries to the joint, even those that may have healed, can increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
  • Repeated stress on the joint – Repetitive stress on a joint caused by your daily work or sports may increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
  • Certain metabolic diseases—People with certain metabolic diseases, such as diabetes and hemochromatosis, a condition in which the body has too much iron, are at higher risk of developing osteoarthritis.
  • Genetics – Individuals with a family history of osteoarthritis are at higher risk of developing osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities – People born with bone deformities are at higher risk of developing osteoarthritis.


Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis. It occurs when urate crystals accumulate in the joint, resulting in inflammation and intense pain. High uric acid levels in the blood can cause urate crystals to form.

Uric acid is produced when the body breaks down purines (chemical compounds known to cause gout). It normally dissolves in the blood and passes through the kidneys into the urine. But sometimes, the body may either produce too much uric acid or too little uric acid is passed out from the kidneys.

When this occurs, uric acid can build up, forming urate crystals in a joint or surrounding tissue. Gout can affect any joint, but it most commonly affects the big toe.

Symptoms of Gout

Common symptoms of gout include:

  • Sudden, severe attacks of pain in one or more joints
  • Sudden swelling, redness, and tenderness in one or more joints.
  • Limited range of motion in the joint

Risk Factors of Gout

Risk factors for developing gout include:

  • High levels of uric acid—People with high levels of uric acid in their bodies are at higher risk of developing gout.
  • Diet – Eating diets that increase uric acid levels in your body increases your risk of developing gout. Diets such as red meat, shellfish, and beverages sweetened with fructose can increase uric acid levels in the body.
  • Age – The uric acid levels in women increase after menopause, increasing their risk of developing gout. Men between 30 and 50 are more likely to develop gout.
  • Sex – Men are more likely to develop gout than women.
  • Alcohol – Intake of alcohol, especially beer, can increase the risk of developing gout.
  • Being overweight – Your body produces more uric acid, and it is more difficult for your kidneys to pass out uric acid if you’re overweight.
  • Certain medical conditions – Certain medical conditions such as high blood pressure and chronic conditions like diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, and kidney disease increase your risk of developing gout.
  • Certain medications—Taking medications such as low-dose aspirin and some medications like thiazide diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and beta blockers can increase uric acid levels.
  • Anti-rejection drugs used for people who have undergone an organ transplant can also increase uric acid levels.
  • Family history – Individuals with a family history of gout are more likely to develop the disease.
  • Recent surgery or trauma – Having recent surgery or experiencing recent trauma can sometimes trigger a gout attack. 

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis affects some people with psoriasis. Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red patches of skin with silvery scales.

Psoriatic arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells and tissue. The immune response causes inflammation in the joints and excess production of skin cells.

Most people may have psoriasis for many years before being diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. However, some people may have psoriatic arthritis already before skin patches appear on their skin or at the same time. Psoriatic arthritis can affect the joints on one or both sides of the body.

Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis

Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis include:

  • Swollen fingers and toes
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Pain in the affected foot
  • Warmth feeling to the touch
  • Inflammation in the eyes
  • Nail changes

Risk Factors of Psoriatic Arthritis

Risk factors for developing psoriatic arthritis include:

  • Having Psoriasis – People with psoriasis are most likely to develop psoriatic arthritis.
  • Age – Psoriatic arthritis usually occurs in adults between 30 and 55.
  • Family history – People with a family history of psoriatic arthritis are at higher risk of developing the disease.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that can cause the fusion of some of the bones in the spine. When bones fuse, the spine becomes less flexible, which can result in a hunched posture.

Ankylosing spondylitis commonly affects the joint between the base of the spine and the pelvis, the vertebrae in the lower back, places where tendons and ligaments attach to bones, the cartilage between the breastbone and the ribs, and the hip and shoulder joints.

Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Symptoms include:

  • Back pain
  • Neck pain
  • Stiffness in the lower back and hips
  • Fatigue

Symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis might worsen, improve or stop at irregular intervals.

Risk Factors of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Risk factors for developing ankylosing spondylitis include:

  • Age – Ankylosing spondylitis usually starts in late adolescence or early adulthood.
  • Having the HLA-B27 gene – Most people with ankylosing spondylitis have the HLA-B27 gene. However, many people have this gene but never develop the disease.

Reactive Arthritis

An infection in the body triggers reactive arthritis. The infection is most often in the intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Infection can be foodborne or sexually transmitted. Various types of bacteria can cause reactive arthritis. These include Campylobacter, Chlamydia, Clostridioides difficile, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella, and Yersinia.

Reactive arthritis doesn’t affect everyone with any of these bacteria. Only a few people with any of these bacteria develop reactive arthritis.

Symptoms of Reactive Arthritis

Reactive arthritis usually affects the knees, ankles and feet. Inflammation may also occur in the eyes, skin and urethra.

Symptoms of reactive arthritis usually start 1 to 4 weeks after exposure to infection. Symptoms include:

  • Joint pain
  • Low back pain
  • Stiffness in the affected joint
  • Inflammation in the eyes
  • Inflammation of tendons and ligaments in areas where they attach to bones.
  • Swollen toes and fingers
  • Skin problems
  • Urinary problems

Symptoms of reactive arthritis usually come and go, eventually disappearing within 12 months.

Risk Factors of Reactive Arthritis

Risk factors for developing reactive arthritis include:

  • Age – Adults between 20 and 40 are at higher risk of developing reactive arthritis.
  • Sex – Foodborne bacteria can cause reactive arthritis equally in men and women. However, men are more likely to develop reactive arthritis from sexually transmitted bacteria than women.
  • Hereditary – Reactive arthritis has been linked to a specific genetic marker. However, most people with this genetic marker never develop the disease.

Chronic Childhood Arthritis

Chronic childhood arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 16. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its healthy cells and tissues.

Symptoms of Chronic Childhood Arthritis

  • Persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness are common symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
  • Swollen lymph nodes and rash on the trunk may occur
  • Fever

Some children may experience symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis for only a few months, while others may experience symptoms for many years.

Risk Factors of Chronic Childhood Arthritis

Risk factors for developing juvenile idiopathic arthritis include:

  • Genes – Juvenile idiopathic arthritis has been linked to part of a gene called HLA antigen DR4.
  • Environmental factor – Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can be triggered by exposure to certain things from your environment, such as infection.


Lupus is an inflammatory disease that occurs when the immune system attacks its own tissues and organs. It can affect various body systems, including the joints, skin, blood cells, brain, kidneys, heart, and lungs.

Symptoms of Lupus

Lupus symptoms vary from person to person, depending on which body systems the disease affects. Symptoms may be temporary or permanent.

Common signs and symptoms of lupus include:

  • Joint pain
  • Joint stiffness and swelling
  • Butterfly-shaped rash on parts of the face or rashes on other parts of the body
  • Skin lesions that appear or worsen with exposure to sunlight
  • Fingers and toes that turn white or blue when exposed to cold
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Dry eyes
  • Headaches
  • Confusion and memory loss

Risk Factors of Lupus

  • Exposure to Sunlight – Exposure to sunlight may trigger an internal response in susceptible people.
  • Infections – Having an infection can trigger lupus.
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have lupus than men.
  • Age – Lupus is most often diagnosed in people between 15 and 45.
  • Race – African Americans, Hispanics and Asian Americans are more likely to develop lupus.
  • Medications – Certain types of blood pressure medications, anti-seizure medications and antibiotics can trigger lupus.

When to Contact a Doctor

Arthritis can’t be cured. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation and improve the mobility and function of your joints. Arthritis is considered a progressive condition and can become worse if not treated. Timely treatment is advisable to stop the disease from progressing rapidly.

Contact your doctor if you’re experiencing arthritis symptoms such as pain, stiffness, or swelling in or around your joints.

What Parts of the Body Does Arthritis Affect?

Arthritis usually affects the joints but can also affect other body parts, such as the eyes, lungs, skin, kidneys, and heart.

Finding Arthritis Pain Relief in Southlake Pain Relief

If you’re experiencing arthritis symptoms, you should get timely treatment from a reputable pain management specialist like Southlake Pain Center.

Southlake Pain Center is a leading pain management provider in Southlake, TX. We are pain management specialists with state-of-the-art technologies and skills in pain management.

We provide comprehensive treatments for patients with arthritis and help improve their overall quality of life. Our treatments help to reduce pain while improving mobility and joint function.

Contact us today or book an appointment for quick relief from arthritis pain.

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