Arthritis treatment in Southlake, TX is the inflammation of one or more joints. It is a common condition that affects older people who are 65 years and above. There are rare cases of arthritis in children, teens, and younger adults. Wear and tear of the cartilage around the joints cause arthritis.
There are over 100 different types of arthritis. However, there are two well-known types of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Causes of arthritis
There are different causes of arthritis depending on the type of arthritis. The decrease in the amount of cartilage tissue is the cause of many types of arthritis.
Causes of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis which involves the wear and tear of the cartilage around the joints. The cartilage is the hard, slippery coating on the ends of the bones where they form joints. It prevents friction by allowing each bone to glide against each other with ease.
When wears and tears occur in the cartilage due to aging, injury, or infection. When this happens, an increase in friction occurs and the bones in the joints no longer move freely.
The entire joints are affected. The bones changes and deteriorates. The connective tissues that attach muscle to the bone and hold the joint together also deteriorate.
Causes of rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is the other common type of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the tissues in your body are attacked by your body’s immune system. These attacks affect the synovial membrane (a tough membrane that encloses all the parts of the joint and also lubricates the joints).
The attack of the synovial membrane can ultimately lead to the destruction of the bones and cartilage inside the joint. The reason why the immune system attacks the tissues in your body is not known.
There are certain factors that increase the risk of arthritis. These include:
There are some families with a history of some types of arthritis. You are more likely to develop arthritis at a certain point in your life if you’re from a family with a history of arthritis.
Older people are at higher risks of having arthritis. Though it can affect younger people, it is more common in older people.
Arthritis is more common in women than in men. Women are likely to develop osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis more than men.
Previous joint injury
Individuals who have previously injured their joints are more likely to develop arthritis in the injured joints.
Being overweight puts excess pressure and stress on the joints. Joints that are commonly affected due to overweight are the knee, hips, and spine. Individuals who are overweight are more likely to develop arthritis in these joints.
Symptoms of arthritis
The common symptoms of arthritis are joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation.
Other symptoms include:
- Decrease in range of motion
- Redness of the skin around the joint
- Loss of appetite
- Decrease in red blood cells
- Rare cases of joint deformity
There are different treatment options for arthritis. The aim of treatment is to improve your joint function and relieving your symptoms.
Placing heating pads and ice packs on the affected joint can help soothe the pain. These treatments may not be a permanent treatment but they can help to relieve pain and stiffness in the joint.
Sitting down or using walking assistance devices can help take the pressure off the affected joint.
There are a number of different medications used to treat arthritis depending on the type of arthritis. Medications for arthritis include:
Over-the-counter pain killers such as acetaminophen can be used to relieve arthritis pain.
Opioids such as tramadol, oxycodone, or hydrocodone are used for more severe arthritis pain. Opioids are not recommended to be taken for a long period of time, as they could become addictive.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen help to reduce both pain and inflammation.
Some NSAIDs are also available in the form of creams and gels that you can rub on the joint to relieve pain and inflammation.
Counterirritants are available in the form of creams and ointments. They contain menthol or capsaicin. Rub them on the affected joint to relieve pain by blocking the transmission of the pain signals.
Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
DMARDs such as methotrexate and hydroxychloroquine are often used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, These drugs work by slowing or stopping your immune system from attacking your joints.
Biologic response modifiers
These drugs are commonly used in combination with DMARDs. They target various protein molecules that are involved in the immune response. Examples include etanercept and infliximab.
Corticosteroids are either injected into the affected joint or taken orally. Corticosteroids relieve pain and reduce inflammation. They are immunosuppressants that suppress the immune system from attacking the joint. Corticosteroids include prednisone and cortisone.
Some certain types of exercises can help strengthen your joints and muscles. Flexibility exercises for joints can help to make your joint more flexible and improve your condition.
Surgery is the last resort if other conservative treatments don’t improve your condition.
Surgical procedures for arthritis include:
This procedure involves smoothing and realigning the surface of your joint to reduce pain and improve mobility.
This procedure involves total removal of the damaged joint and replacing it with an artificial joint. Joints that are mostly replaced are hips and knees.
This procedure involves removing the ends of two bones in the joint and then attaching the two ends together until they heal and combine into one rigid bone. This procedure is commonly used for smaller joints like the joints in the wrist, ankle and fingers. The aim of this procedure is to eliminate friction between two bones.
To get proper treatments for your arthritis, you need to look for a reputable and highly experienced arthritis specialist.
Southlake pain center is a reputable pain clinic that provides the best pain treatments you can find around Texas. We have a team of highly experienced pain specialists that provides the best treatments for our patients. We also have the newest and most advanced equipment and facilities for the treatment and management of pain including arthritis pain.
We are committed to providing the best treatments for any kind of pain, including arthritis pain.
You can contact us from Monday through Friday, from 8: am – 5: pm. We are always available to answer you. You can also book appointments with us online via our website at southlakepainrelief.com.