Lumbar Spine Pain Treatment in Southlake & Tx; Lumbar spine (back) pain is a common, painful condition that affects the lower portion of the spine.
Low back pain is a common cause of job-related disability. At least 80 percent of people in America will experience low back pain at a point in their lifetime.
The prevalence rate of lower back pain for children and adolescents is lower than in adults. The prevalence rate continually increases and peaks between the ages of 35 and 55.
As people grow older, low back pain will increase significantly due to the deterioration of the intervertebral discs in older people.
What is Lumbar spine pain?
Your lumbar spine, also known as the lower back, carries the weight of your entire upper body. The biomechanical stresses that occur with movement affect the lumbar spine.
The lumbar spine has five vertebrae. Each vertebra has a large disc in between that acts as a shock absorber. Each vertebra also has two cartilage-lined facet joints on its backside that allow the spine to safely bend and twist.
Lumbar spine pain is the pain that is felt at the lower part of the back below the rib cage. Lumbar spine pain is common in people who are in their 30s and above.
There are a variety of causes of lumbar spine pain. People that are over-weight, people that sit at a particular position for a long time, or lift heavy objects are at risk of lumbar spine pain.
Lumbar spine pain can be categorized as acute, subacute, or chronic pain. Acute lumbar spine pain back pain usually lasts from a few days to 4 weeks. The subacute lumbar spine pain lasts from between 4 to 12 weeks. Chronic lumbar spine pain lasts for 12 weeks or longer.
Treatment of Lumbar Spine Pain
There are many different treatment options that can help relieve lower back pain.
For acute lumbar spine pain, using certain home remedies can help relieve the pain. These include:
If you have acute lower back pain, taking some time to rest can help relieve the pain. However, bed rest of more than a day or two can make the pain worse and may reduce muscle tone and flexibility.
Placing ice or cold packs on the lower back for periods of up to 20 minutes at a time helps to reduce pain and swelling. The ice should be wrapped in a thin towel before placing it on your body so that you don’t injure or irritate your skin.
Applying heat can help relieve pain. Using a heating pad or having a warm bath can help ease lower back pain.
Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers
Short-term use of OTC pain relievers can help relieve lower back pain. OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen can help ease lower back pain.
Over-the-counter (OTC) creams, gels, patches, or sprays
Applying OTC creams, gels, patches, or sprays to the skin stimulates the nerves in the skin to provide pain relief.
Medical Treatments include:
Injection-based treatments such as nerve ablations, nerve blocks, and epidural steroid injections can help relieve lower back pain for a period of time.
Medications such as narcotics, anti-depressants, and muscle relaxants can be used to stop lower back pain. Narcotics such as oxycodone or hydrocodone can also be used to relieve severe lower back pain. Narcotics contain opioids. They are addictive and shouldn’t be taken for a long period of time.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)
This is a therapy that involves injecting your own platelets directly into a damaged disc. The platelets injected help to accelerate the healing of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles, and joints.
Alternative treatments for lower back pain include:
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese method of treating different health conditions and can help relieve lower back pain.
Massaging of the lower back area may help to relieve the pain. A massage therapist can help properly massage the affected area to provide great relief.
Physical therapy such as yoga, strengthening, and flexibility exercises can help relieve lower back pain. A professional physical therapist can guide you through the best programs that will help you reduce lower back pain.
Chiropractors and osteopathic doctors use spinal manipulation to treat and relieve lower back pain.
Traction is a system that uses weight to align the spine and place any slipped disc back into the right place to relieve lumbar spine pain.
Ultrasound with sound waves can be used to massage the soft tissues in the pain area and help the muscles relax and heal.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is the electronic stimulation of the nerve with the use of electrodes to relieve pain.
Surgery is the last resort when all other conservative treatments have failed to relieve lower back pain. Surgery is required in rare cases where the pain is very severe and hasn’t stopped after 12 weeks.
Surgery may be required when disc fragments are broken or disintegrated. Surgery may also be required when the vertebrae are injured, or in cases of abnormal vertebrae.
Symptoms of Lumbar Spine Pain
- Dull or achy pain in the lower back
- Muscle spasms and tightness in the lower back, pelvis, or hips
- Increased pain after prolonged sitting, standing, or sleeping
- Finding it difficult to stand straight, or walk straight
- Feeling of sharp pain when bending
- Stinging or burning pain that radiates from the lower back to the back of your thighs
What causes lumbar spine pain?
There are several different causes of lumbar spine pain. The causes of lumbar spine pain can be categorized as mechanical, organic, or idiopathic.
Ligament sprains and muscle strains
Ligament sprains and muscle or tendon strains are the most common causes of lumbar spine pain.
Degenerative disc disease
Degenerative disc disease is the wear and tear of the discs that occur over time. The wears and tears of discs lead to reduced cushioning of the vertebrae, leading to pain.
Herniated disc is a condition whereby the protective covering on the intervertebral disc tears over time, causing the soft inner disc tissue to push through the outer layer and slip out of place is known. The burning disc may press on nearby nerve roots, leading to symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness.
Other conditions that can cause lumbar spine pain include:
- Spinal stenosis
- Abnormal spinal curvature
- Discitis or Osteomyelitis
- Cauda Equina Syndrome
- Spinal tumors
Exercises for Lumbar spine Pain Relief
Exercise helps to strengthen the back muscles and increase the flexibility of the spine. Exercise helps to reduce stiffness and speed up the healing process. Exercise can help reduce lumbar back pain.
Exercises for lumbar spine pain relief include:
Lower back rotational stretches
Lower back rotational stretches can help relieve tension in the lower back. This exercise also works on the core muscles to improve stability.
You can perform the lower back rotational stretch by:
Lie on your back on the floor with your knees bent and your feet flat on the ground. Keep your shoulders firmly on the floor and stretch out your hands to each side. Gently move your bent knees over to the right side and hold this position for 5–10 seconds. Move both knees over to the left side and hold this position for 5-10 seconds. Repeat these moves 2–3 times on each side twice a day.
Bridges help to keep the gluteus maximus (the large muscle of the buttocks) strong. Keeping the large muscle of the buttocks strong can help support the lower back and relieve lower back pain.
This is how to perform a bridge:
Lie on the back on the floor and bend your knees. Your feet shot be placed flat on the floor and your hip wide apart. Keep your arms by the sides and raise your buttocks off the ground until your body forms a straight line from your shoulders to your knees.
Squeeze your buttocks with only your shoulders and head left on the floor and hold this position for 5-10 seconds. Lower your buttocks to the ground and rest for a few seconds before lifting your buttocks again. Repeat this 15 times.
The pelvic tilt exercise can help release tight back muscles and keep them flexible, as well as relieve pain.
This is how to perform the pelvic tilt exercise:
Lie on your back on the floor with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor while keeping your arms by the sides. Push your stomach out and arch your lower back. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Flatten your back and pull your belly button inward. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Repeat this position 20 times.
The knee-to-chest stretch can help increase flexibility, relieve tension, and pain.
This is how to perform the knee-to-chest stretch:
Lie on your back on the floor and bend your knees with both feet flat on the floor. Use both hands to pull one of your knees toward your chest. Hold your knee to your chest for 5 seconds, and keep your abdominals tight while pressing your spine into the floor. After holding in position for 5 seconds, release yourself and return to the starting position. Repeat the exercise pulling the opposite knee toward your chest. Repeat the exercise with each leg 2–3 times.
Lying lateral leg lifts
Lying lateral leg lifts work on the hip abductor muscles that support the pelvis. This exercise can help reduce strain on the back.
This is how to perform lying lateral leg lifts:
Lie down on the floor on one side of your body with your legs closed together. Keep your lower leg slightly bent. Draw your belly button into your spine. Raise your top leg upward about 18 inches. Keep your leg straight and extended. Hold the position for 2 seconds and bring your leg back down. Repeat 10 times. Turn onto the other side of your body and repeat the same routine, lifting your other leg. Perform 3 sets on each side of your body.